Pediatric Low Vision References

Low Vision

Coker MA, Huisingh CE, McGwin G, et al. Rehabilitation Referral for Patients with Irreversible Vision Impairment Seen in a Public Safety-Net Eye Clinic. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(4):400–408. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.0241

Cha T, Friedman DS, Bradley C, et al.  Estimates of incidence and prevalence of visual impairment, low vision, and blindness in the United States. JAMA Ophthalmol.  2018;136(1):12-19. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4655

Brown, J.C., et al., Characterizing functional complaints in patients seeking outpatient low-vision services in the United States. Ophthalmology, 2014. 121(8): p. 1655-62.e1.

Goldstein, J.E., et al., Clinically Meaningful Rehabilitation Outcomes of Low Vision Patients Served by Outpatient Clinical Centers. JAMA Ophthalmol, 2015. 133(7): p. 762-9.

Lamoureux, E.L., et al., The effectiveness of low-vision rehabilitation on participation in daily living and quality of life.Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 2007. 48(4): p. 1476-82.

Repka, M.X., et al., The prevalence of ocular structural disorders and nystagmus among preschool-aged children. J AAPOS, 2012. 16(2): p. 182-184.

Solebo, A.L., et al., Epidemiology of blindness in children. Arch Dis Child, 2017. 102: p. 853-857.

Shah, P., et al., Low vision services: a practical guide for the clinician. Ther Adv Ophthalmol, 2018. 10: p 1-12.

Hatton, D.D., et al., Severe visual impairments in infants and toddlers in the United States. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 2013. Sept-Oct: p. 325-336.

Brain Based Vision Impairment/ Cortical Visual Impairment

The spectrum of cerebral visual impairment as a sequel to premature birth: an overview.
Dutton GN.Doc Ophthalmol. 2013 Aug;127(1):69-78

Structured history taking to characterize visual dysfunction and plan optimal habilitation for children with cerebral visual impairment.
Dutton GN.Dev Med Child Neurol. 2011 May;53(5):390. 

Clinical use of the Insight Inventory in cerebral visual impairment and the effectiveness of tailored habilitational strategies.
Tsirka A, Liasis A, Kuczynski A, Vargha-Khadem F, Kukadia R, Dutton G, Bowman R.
Dev Med Child Neurol. 2020 Nov;62(11):1324-1330

Identifying and characterising cerebral visual impairment in children: a review.
Philip SS, Dutton GN.Clin Exp Optom. 2014 May;97(3):196-208. 

Cerebral visual impairment in children: Causes and associated ophthalmological problems.
Pehere N, Chougule P, Dutton GN.Indian J Ophthalmol. 2018 Jun;66(6):812-815.

Understanding low functioning cerebral visual impairment: An Indian context.
Pehere NK, Jacob N.Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Oct;67(10):1536-1543. 

Cerebral visual impairment is a major cause of profound visual impairment in children aged less than 3 years: A study from tertiary eye care center in South India.
Pehere NK, Narasaiah A, Dutton GN. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Oct;67(10):1544-1547. 

Marabet et al: Disentangling how the brain is "wired" in Cortical (Cerebral) Visual Impairment. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology 24(2):83-901, 2017.
Hoyt CS: Visual function in the brain-damaged child. Eye 17:369-384, 2003.

Edmond JC, Foroozan R: Cortical Visual Impairment in children. Curr Opin Ophth 17(6): 509- 512, 2006.

Vision and Brain, Editors- Amanda Hall Leuck and Gordon N Dutton, AFB press, 1st edition.

Amanda H. Lueck, Gordon N. Dutton, Sylvie Chokron, Profiling Children With Cerebral Visual Impairment Using Multiple Methods of Assessment to Aid in Differential Diagnosis. Semin Pediatr Neurol 31:5-14. 2019. 

Flanagan NM, Jackson AJ, Hill AE: Visual impairment in childhood: Insights from a community-based survey. Child Care Health Dev 29:493-499, 2003.

Rahi JS, Cable N: British childhood visual impairment study G. severe visual impairment and blindness in children in the UK. Lancet 362:1359-1365, 2003.

Kong L, Fry M, Al-Samarraie M, et al: An update on progress and the changing epidemiology of causes of childhood blindness worldwide. J AAPOS. 16:501-507, 2012.

AAPOS patient information on cortical visual impairment

Hyvarinen L: Considerations in evaluation and treatment of the child with low vision. Am J Occup Ther 49:891-897, 1995. 

Saidkasimova S, Bennett DM, Butler S, Dutton GN: Cognitive visual impairment with good visual acuity in children with posterior Cerebral/Cortical Visual Impairment periventricular white matter injury: A series of 7 cases. J AAPOS 11:426430, 2007. Epub 2007 Jul 16)

Khetpal V, Donahue SP. Cortical visual impairment: etiology, associated findings and prognosis in a tertiary care setting. J AAPOS. 2007;11(3):235–239.

Barry S Kran, Linda Lawrence, Luisa Mayer, Gena Heidary.  Cerebral/Cortical Visual Impairment: A Need to Reassess Current Definitions of Visual Impairment and Blindness.  Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. 31:25-29, 2019.

Optic Nerve Hypoplasia

Pamela Garcia-Filiona Hashem Almarzoukie Cassandra Finka,  Mitchell Geffnerc, Marvin Nelsonb, Mark Borchert.  Brain Malformations Do Not Predict Hypopituitarism in Young Children with Optic Nerve Hypoplasia. Horm Res Paediatr 2017;88:251–257

Course Handouts/ Additional Resources

  1. AACPDM 2019 Instructional Course: Vision Problems in Children with Cerebral Palsy: Practical Strategies for Screening/identification, Referral, Diagnosis and Treatment
  2. Pediatric Sub-Specialty Day, American Academy of Ophthalmology, November 13, 2020  Session IV: The Gauntlet; Tell me What to Say in Common Systemic Disorders: Cerebral/Cortical Visual Impairment  Linda M Lawrence MD