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Monofixation Syndrome (MFS)

Print Version The monofixation syndrome (MFS) is a stable ocular alignment which often includes a small misalignment (strabismus) of the eyes (although straight eyes can also be less commonly seen), some amount of depth perception (stereopsis), and a unilateral mild decrease in vision ...

Delayed Visual Maturation

Print Version see also Cortical Visual Impairment Delayed visual maturation (DVM) is seen in newborns who initially appear as if they cannot see or are unable to follow any objects. This usually improves by about 4-6 months of age, but sometimes can take up to 12 months of age to...

Williams Syndrome

Print Version WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF WILLIAMS SYNDROME? The characteristic facial features include puffiness around the eyes, short nose, wide mouth, full lips, full cheeks and a small chin. They can have a short stature, sloping shoulders, long neck and limited movement in...

Vision Therapy

Print Version WHAT IS VISION THERAPY? “Vision therapy” is a term used by optometrists. Optometrists define vision therapy as an attempt to develop or improve visual skills and abilities; improve visual comfort, ease, and efficiency; and change visual processing or interpretation of visual...

Vision Screening

Print Version WHAT IS VISION SCREENING? Vision screening is an efficient and cost-effective method to identify children with visual impairment or eye conditions that are likely to lead to vision loss so that a referral can be made to an appropriate eye care professional for further...


Print Version WHAT IS TRICHIASIS? Eyelashes typically grow out and away from the ocular surface. Trichiasis is the misdirection of eyelashes toward the globe. This misdirection may be severe and cause the eyelashes to touch the ocular surface. WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF TRICHIASIS? ...

Treatment of Increasing Myopia in Children

Print Version See ‘ Progressive (High) Myopia ’ for the definition. During childhood, myopia (nearsightedness) is typically treated with glasses or contact lenses. Refractive surgery, such as LASIK or PRK, is typically used in adults once the glasses prescription is no longer changing. In...


Print Version What is toxoplasmosis? Toxoplasmosis is a disease that results from infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. In the eye, Toxoplasma infections frequently cause significant inflammation and subsequent scarring which may temporarily or permanently impair vision. Infection...

Thyroid Eye Disorders

Print Version WHAT IS THE THYROID? The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland located at the base of the front of the neck. The thyroid gland regulates the thyroid hormone and plays an important role in regulating body metabolism. WHAT ARE EUTHYROID, HYPERTHYROID, AND HYPOTHYROID? ...